What Are the Fundamentals of Software Testing?

What Are the Fundamentals of Software Testing?
August 09 09:56 2016 Print This Article

Practical effectiveness of test effort may notably vary depending on multiple factors. Each type of testing, such as functional testing, security testing or load testing, has its own particularities.

Still, the common feature for all testing types is that all of them are based on the same essentials.

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What Fundamentals Determine the Effectiveness of Software Testing?

  • Test strategy should be determined once the requirements are ready. It usually happens during the design stage. Test strategy informs a software tester about the types of testing that should be performed, how the resources should be used, what testing options can be helpful during software product testing.
  • Test plan stems from the test strategy and describes the testing details including deadlines, planning, preparation work, correlation of tasks.
  • Test cases help a tester to determine whether each particular test passed or failed. For some projects, automated test scripts can be used as test cases.
  • Test data should be prepared during the test case development and contain information used by the system. For example, it can be a database with product titles, prices and customer addresses.
  • Test environment allows conducting testing in the system that works closely to the real system utilized by end users.

Both newbies and experienced testers should remember that the presence and correct use of aforementioned essentials can reduce the problems with poorly written requirements, lack of resources, deadline violations and other unwanted factors occurring during the software testing.

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Nataliia Vasylyna
Nataliia Vasylyna

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