What is better: Test Emulators or Real Devices

by Vadym Yudovych | July 18, 2019 7:55 am

This article was updated in June 2021.

The modern market of devices expands every day, and it can be challenging for both developers and testers. Specifics and differences in characteristics of various devices can cause unexpected issues in performance of apps that are installed on them. In such a situation, effective testing becomes particularly important. But here the question arises: on what to test – emulators or real devices.

In this article, we focus on advantages and disadvantages of emulators and real devices to make the choice easier for you.

What is the role of emulators

Emulators are often used when performing manual and automated testing[1]. They help to create the required testing conditions and provide the necessary tool kit. Emulators are mostly produced by device manufacturers. They are particularly important when testing solutions from mobile commerce, game, and other fields of rapid development. There are three main types of emulators:

types of emulators

It is important not to confuse the notions of emulation and simulation.

To emulate is to imitate the system’s behavior in order to achieve a certain goal. All main properties and operating principles of the system are maintained. The inner mechanism of an emulator repeats the internal structure of the target device.

To simulate means to model the structure of a certain mechanism in order to imitate its functioning. It is a purely virtual reproduction of the program’s work. Unlike emulators, simulators do not reproduce the system’s hardware.

Using emulators for testing has many benefits but also some drawbacks that should be taken into account to get the optimal QA results.

Advantages of emulators

First, let’s check the advantages you will get when testing on emulators:

Disadvantages of emulators

To get the full picture of using emulators for testing, consider their possible drawbacks:

We have reviewed the main advantages and disadvantages of emulators, and now you know when they can be effective for testing and when they are not very useful. But this does not mean that real devices will become a cure that will solve all the problems or that they have no disadvantages. Just like emulators, they have both pros and cons.

Let’s take a look at the specifics of using real devices for testing, starting with their pros.

Advantages of real devices

A solid pool of devices[3] is a must for a professional QA company. Many clients require checking their products on real devices because of the numerous advantages they give:

Disadvantages of real devices

There are also some difficulties you may face while testing on real devices:

Conclusion

Emulators and real testing devices are essential tools of the QA process. There is no universal solution for using virtual vs. real devices. The strategy should be developed according to the company aims and specifics. A planned combination of virtual and real devices in testing mobile applications is one of the most successful decisions. Emulators are useful at the early stages of the app development, but real devices are essential while testing before the product’s release. Use the benefits of both virtual and real testing devices in QA with helpful advice from the QATestLab blog.

Learn more from QATestLab

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Endnotes:
  1. automated testing: https://qatestlab.com/services/test-automation/?_ga=2.99232727.810386929.1623169435-593094287.1607934112
  2. mobile app: https://qatestlab.com/resources/whitepapers/mobile-app-testing-the-ultimate-guide-2021/
  3. solid pool of devices: https://qatestlab.com/why-qatestlab/
  4. bugs: https://blog.qatestlab.com/2021/06/02/software-bugs-digest-may-2021/
  5. Why Use Emulators During Mobile Testing?: https://blog.qatestlab.com/2014/09/19/for-what-purposes-can-emulators-be-used-during-mobile-application-testing/
  6. What Qualities Make a Good QA Engineer?: https://blog.qatestlab.com/2019/07/11/qa-engineer-qualities/
  7. TOP 10 Regression Testing Tools: https://blog.qatestlab.com/2019/07/02/regression-testing-tools/

Source URL: https://blog.qatestlab.com/2019/07/18/emulators-vs-real-devices/